Laravel – MVC based PHP framework

0
3655

PHP is used by a large number of websites. As per the statistics obtained from BuiltWith.com, PHP is used by more than 50 million websites worldwide. Due to the vast preference of developers, there are so many frameworks developed in PHP.

Laravel is a Model-View-Controller(MVC) based PHP framework. Its easy to use and easy to integrate functionalities make the development of web apps faster. Laravel comes with built-in architecture that reduces so many repetitive tasks. Because of this, Laravel is loved by many PHP developers.

Laravel can be easily installed using the command line. Also, due to its popularity, all major hosting companies which include Linode, Digital Ocean, Godaddy provide one-click install facility for Laravel installation.

As per the data obtained from BuiltWith.com, Laravel is the top framework used by Web App developers worldwide. Which indicates the popularity of Laravel among the developers. Many developers have created libraries that can be used for handling CMS. These libraries can be easily integrated with Laravel’s source code, and they provide functionalities based on the type of web app such as Blog, e-commerce, etc.

Web frameworks statistics

Key Features of Laravel:

Templating engine

All the views of MVC are defined using a light-weight templating engine, called Blade, provided by Laravel. This templating engine makes the dynamic generation of pages faster.

All the basic PHP code is replaced with Blade directives, e.g..<?php echo “Laravel”; ?> This code will be replaced by simply writing {{ Laravel }}.

Similarly, it provides directives for IF, FOREACH statements. These directives reduce a lot of work while writing server response in PHP. Also, all the basic functionalities of PHP can be used in these directives. All these views are compiled into plain PHP code and cached by Laravel until they are modified.

Eloquent ORM

ORM stands for Object Relational Mapping. Laravel’s ORM allows you to run complex database queries without having to write SQL query. You can run these queries using PHP syntax.

ORM provides support for simple operations such as insert, select, update, delete and for complex operations such as joins and unions. It also allows you to run raw SQL queries. But raw queries are not used by the majority of developers due to the simplicity of ORM.

Migrations:

Laravel provides a version control system for the database. Using migration, you don’t have to ask your team members to make manual changes to the database schema. Migrations are typically paired with Laravel’s schema builder to easily build your application’s database schema. Migrations can be implemented using simple commands.

Artisan:

Laravel has provided a command line interface called Artisan. It comes with a number of helpful commands that can assist you while you build your application. You can create your own commands. This helps in reducing the majority of tedious and repetitive programming tasks.

Auth:

One of the important modules of any web app is User Accounts. User Accounts require Sign up, Login, Password reset functionalities. Laravel has an inbuilt module for User Accounts which can be activated using artisan command: php artisan make:auth

Security:

Laravel provides security to your web app in a number of ways:

CSRF token:

CSRF stands for Cross-Site Request Forgery. Laravel automatically generates a CSRF "token" for each active user session managed by the application. This token is used to verify that the authenticated user is the one actually making the requests to the application.

Bycrypt:

All the passwords in Laravel are hashed and salted, which means, passwords are never stored in plaintext format. Laravel uses Bycrypt hashing algorithm to encrypt and decrypt the password.

ORM:

Due to ORM, all the information given by users are first converted into PHP objects and then stored in the database. This prevents SQL injection attacks since all the inputs from the users are never executed as SQL commands.
Please note that to save your database from SQL injections attacks, you are required to run all the queries to the database using ORM only. Although ORM prevents most of the SQL injections, developers are required to take right precautions while writing the code.

Events, Notifications, and Queues:

You may want to send notifications to users when a particular event occurs. You can set up these events and notifications using artisan.

Most of the notifications are sent via email. These emails are sent via SMTP and it takes some time to send the email and the user sees a delayed response.

In these cases, Laravel’s queue plays an important role. You can add the tasks in the queue, and the task will be executed in the background. Due to this, the user sees an immediate response.

Support:

It also comes with good documentation and a support forum is also available for developers, called Laracasts, where Laravel, as well as PHP developers, can put their queries which are solved by other developers or the experts from Laravel team. Hundreds of Laravel and PHP tutorials are added on Laracasts every week.

Testing:

Laravel comes with a built-in testing capability. It provides support for testing with PHPUnit. By default, it provides two kinds of testing; Feature and Unit.

Unit testing allows you to test a very short portion of your code whereas Features testing allows you test a considerably larger portion of the code. You can prepare your testing environment with simple artisan commands

REVIEW OVERVIEW
Features
Functionality
Support
Security
Previous articleTrello – Project management tool
Next articleSplitwise – Sharing expenses made easy
Pankaj Yadav
Pankaj works as a digital technology and marketing consultant. His expertise includes Website and web application development, Android app development, SEO, SEM, Social media marketing, email marketing and other major digital marketing services.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here